Remove any unnecessary clutter from the house to make the inspection process easier and limit areas where bugs can hide.
Any personal items that can be removed such as stuffed animals, soft toys, blankets, pillows and cushions should be vacuumed and sealed in tightly secured plastic bags for two to three days.
Take apart bed frames to expose any possible bed bug hiding spots and inspect areas behind peeling wallpaper and wall hangings.
Take out the drawers from desks and dressers and if possible turn furnitures over to inspect all possible hiding spots.
If you suspect you have a bed bug infestation in the house, thoroughly inspect your mattress first. It is best to do this with a bright flashlight to look for bed bugs or their dark droppings in the seams, folds, tufts and labels of your mattress and box spring.
Make use of bed bug traps to aid in the monitoring and detection of bed bugs in the house.
Use caulk to seal any holes in the walls and floor to eliminate bed bugs harborage sites.
Repair and seal any cracks and crevices between baseboards, bed frames and furniture that are potential bed bugs hiding spots.
Before any vacuuming, use a stiff brush to scrub the mattress and carpets to help dislodge any possible bed bugs and their eggs.
To kill bed bugs, you should also remove and wash bed linen and garments in hot water (minimum 120°F) and have them dry in a hot dryer for at least 20 minutes.
Similarly, you can also use heat or steam cleaners that are commonly used by most professional exterminators to help control infestations and kill bed bugs naturally.
Vacuum the mattresses, bed frames, carpets and upholstered furniture paying particular attention to any cracks, crevices and open spaces.
Immediately after vacuuming, seal the vacuum bag in a plastic bag and dispose of it in an outdoor bin. If you use a canister vacuum cleaner wash it with hot water immediately.
Seal all your mattress/pillows with bed bug proof covers and encasements. This will keep bed bugs out of the mattress and eventually kill any bed bugs trapped within.
Make sure all windows have screens and repair damaged ones to keep out birds and other rodents.
At times to fully eliminate bed bugs, it may be necessary to throw out heavily infested items, especially mattresses or any upholstered furniture.